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Raimundo and Rafael Amador are the “Pata Negra” (an expression meaning “top class”) of a great family of gipsy flamenco guitarists. Their father, Luis, and uncles Diego and Ramón accompanied several generations of artists of the highest category: Antonio Mairena, Fernanda de Utrera, Farruco, Matilde Coral, La Paquera, Chocolate… They all stayed within orthodoxy and their reference point was the essential flamenco styles: seguriya, soleá, cantiñas, bulerías and tangos. Raimundo and Rafael learned that culture since they were children, at home. Nobody could suspect what they would learn in the streets of 1960s Seville, full of hippies, rockers and an acid explosion that came from the military bases of Rota and Morón.

When they were not even teenagers, Raimundo and Rafael would sing and play in the city centre bars. They were accompanied by their cousins and other friends from their Tres Mil Viviendas (“3000 Dwellings”) neighbourhood. After each performance Raimundo was responsible for passing a dish around to collect donations. That’s how he obtained the title of “Little Dish Sergeant”.

In the streets they got to know other kinds of music: blues, rock, swing and even the jazz manouche of their “uncle” Django Reinhart. They were like an insatiable sponge that would absorb, suddenly, records by Jimmy Hendrix, Janis Joplin, Rolling Stones, Pink Floyd and the vital Californian revolution that entered Spain via the south of the south: Seville and Cadiz. They were the first to introduce the plectrum technique to flamenco guitar, the first ones to stretch the strings in order to obtain quarter and octave tones. The first gipsy rockers. The first bluesmen of the Tres Mil Viviendas, of Seville, of Spain.

Pata Negra Biography Gallery
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